CSE Name Year Style Citation Support – 8th Edition

Before you begin, ensure that you know what a citation is and when it is used.

Next, make sure you have watched the videos I created and are comfortable with the basics of research and have reviewed the OWL Resources.

Next, review the resources on How to Write a Literature Review Paper by Purdue OWL and How to Paraphrase for guidance.

Before we get into side notes, don’t forget to scroll all the way down to read the tips directly related to our course.

When citing a source, you only cite the source that is directly in front of you that you actually read. You never cite the sources that your original, in-hand, paper cited. At minimum, you must have in-text citations at the end of each paragraph (that pertain to what you are discussing in that paragraph) and matching full citations at the end of your paper in the literature cited section (also called “end references”).

Please watch the video at the bottom of this page and link through to the additional resources.

Citing for the Reference Section in CSE Name-Year Format

Manuscript Formatting

For the name-year format, each source is cited in the text with the author’s last name and the year of publication (in-text citation) first. Then, as you write and cite you build your references list which lists all of the sources used, in alphabetical order by the author’s last name.

The goal of the in-text citation is to point the reader to the full citation in the list of references, so they should match.

Choose one of these formatting options:

  1. Hanging indents are the most correct formatting choice for the entire section, but I understand they can be a pain to do. So for our class, you may do either hanging indents. Learn how to format in Word and Google Docs.

    OR

  2. Single space each individual citation and put a double space in between individual citations, then left justify all.

Keane, S. 2010. The disappearing spoon: And other true tales of madness, love, and the history of the world from the periodic table of the elements. New York (NY): Little, Brown and Company.

Ripple WJ, Beschta RL, Painter LE. 2015. Trophic cascades from wolves to alders in Yellowstone. For Ecol Manage. 354(1): 254-260. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2015.06.007.

Remember, the name you use in your in-text citation should match the name you use in your full citation in the list of references!

What to do about “Author”

One Author

Use the author’s last name, followed by first and middle initials.

Kean S.

Two to Ten Authors

List all authors. For each, use the author’s last name, followed by first and middle initials.

Ripple WJ, Beschta RL, Painter LE.

More than Ten Authors

List the first ten authors, followed by “et al.”

George, MA, Dubbe, D, Pate, JP, Murphy, J, Twardos, M, Crohn, K, Henry, R, Hartman, J, Hickox, CE, Bisom, T, et al.

Organization as Author

List the abbreviation you used in your in-text citation in brackets, followed by the full name of the organization. For national organizations, such as federal government agencies, include (US) after the name of the organization.

[CDC] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US).

For articles from journals and databases
(generally speaking, anything digital but not a book from our library or Google Scholar will be cited like this).

Original database location and original PDF.

Journal Article/Primary Review Journal Template: Author(s). Year. Article Title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Vol(Issue):page numbers.

  • If you have a doi for your article, please include it at the end of your citation in the following format: doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0825-0

Example: Ripple WJ, Beschta RL, Painter LE. 2015. Trophic cascades from wolves to alders in Yellowstone. For Ecol Manage. 354(1): 254-260. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2015.06.007.

*Please note that this journal example did not have an issue number, so I simply placed a 1 in the parentheses. It’s also fine to place a zero. DOI is not required, but if it has one, adding it to the end of the citation is fine.

CSE Citing Journal Article

For Printed or Digital/e-books

Book template: Authors(s). Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.

Please note:

  1. Even though the most correct version of citing in CSE Name Year Style for book includes “extent” or “notes” info, for our class, you are not required to include it. “Extent” or “notes” info, which correlates to the exact part of the book you used in your paper. For us, just give the citation of the overall book.

  2. If your book is the first edition or doesn’t include an edition number, you can omit the edition requirement of this template as well.

Example: Keane, S. 2010. The disappearing spoon: And other true tales of madness, love, and the history of the world from the periodic table of the elements. New York (NY): Little, Brown and Company.


CSE Citing for a Book

For Pure Websites

This is how you cite anything that is just a website and doesn’t fall into the category above. Remember: generally speaking, anything digital but not a book from our library or Google Scholar will be cited as an article from journals and databases above.

CSE Citing for a Website

Template: Author, AA. Year. Title of short work. Title of website. Place of publication: Publisher. [updated year month day; accessed year month day]. Article URL.

Please note:

  1. Even though the most correct version of citing in CSE Name Year Style for website includes notes about how you specifically used the source, you aren’t required to add notes for our class.

  2. As there is no accepted style or format that applies to all websites, some of the above information may be missing from your citation. Here’s what to do:

    No Author? Use the Organization as Author

    List the abbreviation you used in your in-text citation in brackets, followed by the full name of the organization. For national organizations, such as federal government agencies, include (US) after the name of the organization.

    [CDC] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US).

    No date listed when the site was last updated?

    Use the year you accessed the website

Example: [USFWS] U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2023. Bull trout: Conserving the nature of America. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Portland (OR): USFWS. [updated 2014 Sept 4; accessed 2016 Sept 23]. https://www.fws.gov/species/bull-trout-salvelinus-confluentus

FAQ

What if there is no DOI?

Not to worry. DOI is actually pretty new, so if there is not one, just don’t worry about including it.

What if there is no Issue or Volume number?

This also happens sometimes. Again, not to worry. If there is no volume or issue number, you can just put a 1 or 0 in the place of the volume or issue space.

  • There are some discrepancies on how to exactly cite websites/web only resources. I would prefer you cite the way I have included in the video below; however, if you are following a CSE Name Year style guide that shows the alternate form, that is fine too. Websites are one of those wonky aspects of traditional citations that have yet to be really locked into place properly.

  • In fact, there are a few tiny discrepancies between hanging indents and comma placement. You will see both styles covered in the videos below. For us, don’t worry yourself – I am looking for you to show me comprehension of the style, not be perfect.

  • There are differences, especially in comma placement, between the 7th and 8th edition. Please follow the 8th edition.

  • Be cautious of auto-generated citation makers. Some are good some are terrible. If you submit a Frankenstein’s monster of copy/pasted citations, you will be marked down. Make sure all the info is there and that it is actually in the correct format. Learn more about  citations generators.

So, if there are all these caveats, why am I having you do CSE Name Year Style instead of a style you already know, like APA or MLA? Well, firstly, scientists don’t use those styles, and this is a science course (sorry, not my call :)) and second, it’s a good practice to be able to expand your citation abilities. For our purposes, show me you can properly cite your sources in text and at the end in CSE Name Year Style. Beyond that, if you wish to write your paper in APA or MLA (Or another accepted academic style), that is fine. Just as long as your citations throughout are in CSE Name Year Style.

What is the difference between a website and a peer reviewed online journal article?

Do you know the difference between a website and a peer reviewed journal article viewed online? Watch the video below or  read this guide from Santa Clarita Library.

Do I need to cite content that I am given in a weekly deliverable?

If a weekly deliverable includes a piece of content I give you, you are not “required” to cite it unless it makes sense. For example, if you are introducing the piece/authors in your write-up: “As Kang et al., (2017) stated…”.

Is there anything class specific that I need to know?
  • When I include a website citation, it will not be in perfect format because I am deliberately omitting the accessed date

  • Where citation style really counts, and I will be closely checking, is in the literature review paper.

  • Citing websites is wonky – I know. Do the best you can with them and show me you can perfectly cite a journal paper/book, and we are good.

  • Each individual full citation at the end of your paper in the literature cited section is single-spaced with a double space separating individual citations. No hanging indents. All left justified. Alphabetized by last name of the first author (or website). Do not include URL information for peer-reviewed articles you retrieved from an online database.

Can you use Podcasts as a citation in our class?